Ur (Place)

Ur was the home town of the father of Abraham, whose name was Terah. Ur was the birthplace of Abraham and Sarah. It is mentioned by name only four times in the Bible (Genesis 11:28, 31; 15:7; Nehemiah 9:7). The full name was “Ur of the Chaldeans.”
The modern site is known as “The Mound of Bitumen.” The results of archaeological investigations demonstrate that Abraham came from a great city. Ur was cultured, sophisticated, and powerful. The landscape was dominated by the ziggurat, or temple tower. The life of the city was controlled by a religion with a multiplicity of gods. The chief deity was Nannar, or Sin, the moon god, who was also worshiped at Haran. Near his ziggurat was a temple dedicated to his companion, the moon goddess, Ningal.
Many clay tablets found at Ur tell of the business life of the city, which focused on the temples and their income. There were factories here, such as the weaving establishment for the manufacture of woolen cloth. Some tablets dealt with religion, history, law, and education. Students were instructed in reading and writing in cuneiform, the characters used for the script of that time. They were taught multiplication and division. Some were even able to extract square roots and cube roots.
Domestic architecture was highly developed. Houses had two stories and ten to twenty rooms, sometimes with a private chapel. Small clay religious figures were discovered. Many art objects made of precious metals and other costly materials have been excavated, especially in the royal tombs. These tombs also contained the remains of a number of servants. They must have been put to death at the time of the royal burials in order to accompany their masters in the afterlife.

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